Vocabulary Words: Hue, Value, Neutral, Monochromatic, Complementary, Representational, Abstract, Intensity.
Suggested Classroom Activities:
1.Have students make a design coloring it using only the primary colors (red, yellow, blue) or secondary colors (green, orange, violet)
2. Have students create a scene. It may be a landscape, a design, a fantasy, or whatever they choose. Make the same scene twice - once using cool colors (blue, green, gray) and once using warm colors (red, orange, yellow).
3. Study different colors. What might they symbolize? (i.e. red - danger, anger; white- purity; black - fear, evil; blue- mood, sad; yellow- cheerful, bright. Compare how each color affects different moods and emotions people may have. Make your own drawing which creates a feeling or mood with the use of color.
4. Values refer to light and dark shades of color. Value is the degree of lightness on a scale of grays running from black to white. Have students make a collage of cut colored paper squares. Begin in the center with the darkest value of one color moving to the edges with lighter values. Darker colors are said to be darker in value or in lower key.
5. Experiment with color to see what happens when gray is added to a color. When white is added to a color. When black is added to a color. Black added to a color creates a shade of that color. When white is added we call it tint (white added to red produces a pink tint).
6. Ask students to notice how color is used in advertisements on television, newspapers, magazine and billboards. Ask students to report their findings as to which colors are used for different kinds of products. Discuss possible reasons. In what color of can is their favorite soft drink? Why might this color have been chosen? What are the colors of their favorite sports teams? Do you have school colors? What are they? Why were they chosen? What do they represent?
7. Think about the seasons of the year. What are the colors of winter? Spring? Summer? Fall? Compare the values of winter and summer colors. Have students create a scene using the appropriate colors to denote the season.
8. Imagine the world without color. How would it look? We see color because of light. White light contains all colors (think about a rainbow and it's colors). Black is the absences of light. A surface hit by light will reflect a certain wavelength of light determined by the nature of the surface, (i.e. what we call it's color) absorbing the rest of the light's wavelength. Can you think of some color experiments? Why not look into repeating Newton's experiments with light, color and prisms. Or make a color wheel on a circle of cardboard then using a bamboo skewer turn it into a spinner or top. What happens to all the colors when you spin the top?
9. Discuss how artists obtain their ideas.